Tuesday, 5 April 2016

Southern KZN CREW target species of the month - April

Submitted by K Naiker

Nerine pancratioides AMARYLLIDACEAE  [Near Threatened] 

Nerine pancratioides, referred to as the white nerine, is a plant that grows to 600 mm tall. It was previously observed in parts of the Midlands, south-western KZN as well as in north-eastern Lesotho. However habitat loss and destruction has caused a significant decline in the species population size in several of its localities, in some instances even resulting in extinctions. Deterioration of wetlands in the form of overgrazing, alien plant invasions and damming are major concerns for the population’s survival. The plant grows in moist areas with acidic soils, on banks of streams, in grassy depressions and in seepage areas on steep hillsides.  The leaves grow to 300 mm long, are narrow, round at base and almost flattened towards the top. The stalk is robust growing to 600 mm long. The sheathing bracts are narrowly egg-shaped with sharp tips. The pedicels, 300−450 mm long, are densely covered with hairs. The inflorescence is an umbel, 10−20. Tepals are ± 25 mm and white. The flowers appear between March and April and are known to respond well after fires have occurred.

Nerine pancratoides

Nerine pancratoides fruits

Nerine pancratiodes
Photos supplied by CREW.

Baker, J.G. 1896. Amaryllideae. In: W.T. Thiselton-Dyer (ed). Flora Capensis VI (Haemodoraceae to Liliaceae):171-246. L. Reeve & Co., London.
Craib, C. 2004. Nerine pancratioides. Degradation of grassland habitats by exotic plantations are threatening the beautiful white Nerine with extinction. Veld & Flora 90:105-107
Mtshali, H. & von Staden, L. 2015. Nerine pancratioides Baker. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version 2015.1. Accessed on 2016/03/16
Pooley, E. 1998. A field guide to wild flowers of KwaZulu-Natal and the Eastern region. Natal Flora Publications Trust, Durban.

If you have seen this plant, please contact Suvarna Parbhoo, CREW programme: KZN Node Manager S.Parbhoo@sanbi.org.za

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